A word loop is a tool that helps students to clarify the relationship between words and terms, symbols, representations and definitions and how these contribute to a whole topic or concept.

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A graph is a representation; it represents and summarises information so that patterns and relationships can be identified. Understanding the conventions of constructing and using graphs is an important aspect of scientific literacy.

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Support student development of vocabulary related to a particular topic, and provide a reference for class discussions.

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Primary Connections has developed an adaptation of the KWL chart. A TWLH chart is a learning tool used to elicit students’ prior knowledge by asking what students Think they know, determine questions students Want to know answers to, document what has been Learned, and How students know they’ve learned.

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A science journal is a record of observations, experiences and reflections. It contains a series of dated, chronological entries. It can include written text, drawings, measurements, labelled diagrams, photographs, tables and graphs.

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Create a class glossary as a growing bank of descriptions to support students to understand and use new vocabulary.

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A design portfolio is a record of observations, experiences and reflections that provides evidence of the design process and insights of design thinking. It might include a series of dated entries, written text, drawings, sketches, labelled diagrams, graphic designs, photographs, tables and graphs. It includes the design brief and information to assist students to develop design criteria and to evaluate products.

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Scientific inquiry and investigation are focused on and driven by questions.

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Argumentation is at the heart of what scientists do; they pose questions, make claims, collect evidence, debate with other scientists and compare their ideas with others in the field.

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Students working in collaborative teams is a key feature of the Primary Connections approach.

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Scientific investigations involve posing questions, testing predictions, collecting and interpreting evidence and, drawing conclusions and communicating findings. When scientists plan and conduct a fair test investigation it is to answer a question or test a prediction. Students emulate this in the classroom as they continue to develop their science inquiry skills.

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